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   Andorra Country Guide

Flag of Andorra Legend tells that Charlemagne founded Andorra in 805 in recognition of aid given by its inhabitants against the Saracens.

The earliest document known that mentions Andorra is the act of consecration of the cathedral of Santa Maria of Urgell in 839, which mentions the parishes (administrative and territorial divisions) of Andorra as the fief of the Counts of Urgell.

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Map of Andorra Full Name: Principality of Andorra
Area: 468 sq km (water: 0 sq km, land: 468 sq km)
Population: 85,660 (July 2016 est.)
Capital City: Andorra la Vella

People: Andorran 49%, Spanish 24.6%, Portuguese 14.3%, French 3.9%, other 8.2% (2012 est.)
Language: Catalan (official), French, Castilian, Portuguese
Religion: Roman Catholic (predominant)

Government Type: Parliamentary democracy (since March 1993) that retains as its chiefs of state a co-principality; the two princes are the President of France and Bishop of Urgell, whose diocese is located in neighboring Spain; both co-princes maintain offices and representatives in Andorra
Chief of State French Coprince Francois HOLLANDE (since 15 May 2012); represented by Jean-Pierre HUGUES (since 15 June 2016) and Spanish Coprince Archbishop Joan-Enric VIVES i Sicilia (since 12 May 2003); represented by Josep Maria MAUN (since 20 July 2012)
Head of Government: Head of Government (or Cap de Govern) Antoni MARTI PETIT (since 12 May 2011)

GDP: $US 3.163 billion (2012 est.)
GDP per Capita: $US 37,200 (2011 est.)
Inflation: 1.1% (2012 est.)
Unemployment: 4% (2012 est.)
Industries: Tourism (particularly skiing), cattle raising, timber, banking, tobacco, furniture
Currency: Euro (€ - EUR)

Member of EU: No

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Info provided by the CIA World Factbook and Andorra Tourism
Updated 2/2017
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