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   Austria Country Guide

Flag of Austria Once the center of power for the large Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat in World War I. Following annexation by Nazi Germany in 1938 and subsequent occupation by the victorious Allies in 1945, Austria's status remained unclear for a decade. A State Treaty signed in 1955 ended the occupation, recognized Austria's independence, and forbade unification with Germany. A constitutional law that same year declared the country's "perpetual neutrality" as a condition for Soviet military withdrawal. Following the Soviet Union's collapse in 1991 and Austria's entry into the European Union in 1995, some Austrians have called into question this neutrality. A prosperous, democratic country, Austria entered the Economic and Monetary Union in 1999.

Map of Austria Full Name: Republic of Austria
Area: 83,870 sq km (water: 1,426 sq km, land: 82,444 sq km)
Population: 8,711,770 (July 2016 est.)
Capital City: Vienna

People: Austrians 91.1%, former Yugoslavs 4% (includes Croatians, Slovenes, Serbs, and Bosniaks), Turks 1.6%, German 0.9%, other or unspecified 2.4% (2001 census)
Language: German (official nationwide) 88.6%, Turkish 2.3%, Serbian 2.2%, Croatian (official in Burgenland) 1.6%, other (includes Slovene,official in Carinthia, and Hungarian, official in Burgenland) 5.3% (2001 census)
Religion: Roman Catholic 73.6%, Protestant 4.7%, Muslim 4.2%, other 3.5%, unspecified 2%, none 12% (2001 census)

Government Type: Federal Parliamentary Republic
Chief of State: President Alexander VAN DER BELLEN (since 26 January 2017)
Head of Government: Chancellor Christian KERN (SPOe) (since 17 May 2016); Vice Chancellor Reinhold MITTERLEHNER (OeVP) (since 1 September 2014)

GDP: $US 415.9 billion (2016 est.)
GDP per Capita: $US 47,900 (2016 est.)
Inflation: 0.9% (2016 est.)
Unemployment: 6.1% (2016 est.)
Industries: Construction, machinery, vehicles and parts, food, metals, chemicals, lumber and wood processing, paper and paperboard, communications equipment, tourism Currency: Euro (€ - EUR)

Member of EU: Yes

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Info provided by the CIA World Factbook
Updated 2/2017
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