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   Finland Country Guide

Flag of Finland Finland was a province and then a grand duchy under Sweden from the 12th to the 19th centuries, and an autonomous grand duchy of Russia after 1809. It gained complete independence in 1917. During World War II, it successfully defended its independence through cooperation with Germany and resisted subsequent invasions by the Soviet Union - albeit with some loss of territory. In the subsequent half century, Finland transformed from a farm/forest economy to a diversified modern industrial economy; per capita income is among the highest in Western Europe. A member of the European Union since 1995, Finland was the only Nordic state to join the euro single currency at its initiation in January 1999. In the 21st century, the key features of Finland's modern welfare state are high quality education, promotion of equality, and a national social welfare system - currently challenged by an aging population and the fluctuations of an export-driven economy.

Map of Finland Full Name: Republic of Finland
Area: 338,145 sq km (water: 33,672 sq km, land: 304,473 sq km )
Population: 5,498,211 (July 2016 est.)
Capital City: Helsinki

People: Finn 93.4%, Swede 5.6%, Russian 0.5%, Estonian 0.3%, Roma (Gypsy) 0.1%, Sami 0.1% (2006)
Language: Finnish (official) 89%, Swedish (official) 5.3%, Russian 1.3%, other 4.4% (2014 est.)
Religion: Lutheran 73.8%, Orthodox 1.1%, other or none 25.1% (2014 est.)

Government Type: Republic
Chief of State President Sauli NIINISTO (since 1 March 2012)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Juha SIPILA (since 28 May 2015)

GDP: $US 230 billion (2016 est.)
GDP per Capita: $US 41,800 (2016 est.)
Inflation: 0.4% (2016 est.)
Unemployment: 9.1% (2016 est.)
Industries: Metals and metal products, electronics, machinery and scientific instruments, shipbuilding, pulp and paper, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles, clothing
Currency: Euro (€ - EUR)

Member of EU: Yes

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Info provided by the CIA World Factbook
Updated 2/2017
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