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   Ireland Country Guide

Ireland Flag The island of Ireland is 300 miles/450 km long and 190 miles/300 km wide and covers approximately 32,600 sq. miles/84,500 sq. km. Ireland is divided into four provinces - Ulster, Munster, Leinster and Connaught and into 32 counties. The Republic of Ireland consists of 26 counties and Northern Ireland consists of 6 counties.

Ireland is on Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) and in accordance with daylight saving, clocks are put forward one hour mid-March and back one hour at the end of October. During summer it stays light until as late as 11.00pm but by mid-December it can be dark by 4.00pm.

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Ireland Map Full Name: Republic of Ireland
Area: 70,280 sq km (land: 68,890 sq km, water: 1,390 sq km)
Population: 4,952,473 (July 2016 est.)
Capital City: Dublin

People: Irish 84.5%, other white 9.8%, Asian 1.9%, black 1.4%, mixed and other 0.9%, unspecified 1.6% (2011 est.)
Language: English (official, the language generally used), Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) (official, spoken by approximately 38.7% of the population as a first or second language in 2011; mainly spoken in areas along the western coast)
Religion: Roman Catholic 84.7%, Church of Ireland 2.7%, other Christian 2.7%, Muslim 1.1%, other 1.7%, unspecified 1.5%, none 5.7% (2011 est.)

Government Type: Parliamentary Republic
Chief of State President Michael D. HIGGINS (since 29 October 2011)
Head of Government: Taoiseach (Prime Minister) Enda KENNY (since 9 March 2011); reelected prime minister on 6 May 2016

GDP: $US 324.3 billion (2016 est.)
GDP per Capita: $US 69,400 (2016 est.)
Inflation: 0.2% (2016 est.)
Unemployment: 8% (2016 est.)
Industries: Steel, lead, zinc, silver, aluminum, barite, and gypsum mining processing; food products, brewing, textiles, clothing; chemicals, pharmaceuticals; machinery, rail transportation equipment, passenger and commercial vehicles, ship construction and refurbishment; glass and crystal; software, tourism
Currency: Euro (€ - EUR)

Member of EU: Yes

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Info provided by and the CIA World Factbook
Updated 2/2017
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