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   Luxembourg Country Guide


Luxembourg Founded in 963, Luxembourg became a grand duchy in 1815 and an independent state under the Netherlands. It lost more than half of its territory to Belgium in 1839, but gained a larger measure of autonomy. Full independence was attained in 1867. Overrun by Germany in both World Wars, it ended its neutrality in 1948 when it entered into the Benelux Customs Union and when it joined NATO the following year. In 1957, Luxembourg became one of the six founding countries of the European Economic Community (later the European Union), and in 1999 it joined the euro currency area.


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Luxembourg Country Guide Full Name: Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Area: 2,586 sq km (land: 2,586 sq km, water: 0 sq km)
Population: 582,291 (July 2016 est.)
Capital City: Luxembourg


People: Luxembourger 54.1%, Portuguese 16.4%, French 7%, Italian 3.5%, Belgian 3.3%, German 2.3%, British 1.1%, other 12.3%
note: represents population by nationality (2015 est.)
Language: Luxembourgish (official administrative and judicial language and national language (spoken vernacular)) 88.8%, French (official administrative, judicial, and legislative language) 4.2%, Portuguese 2.3%, German (official administrative and judicial language) 1.1%, other 3.5% (2011 est.)
Religion: Roman Catholic 87%, other (includes Protestant, Jewish, and Muslim) 13% (2000)

Government Type: Constitutional monarchy
Chief of State Grand Duke HENRI (since 7 October 2000); Heir Apparent Prince GUILLAUME (son of the monarch, born 11 November 1981)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Xavier BETTEL (since 4 December 2013); Deputy Prime Minister Etienne SCHNEIDER (since 4 December 2013)

GDP: $US 58.74 billion (2016 est.)
GDP per Capita: $US 102,000 (2016 est.)
Inflation: -0.1% (2016 est.)
Unemployment: 6.7% (2016 est.)
Industries: Banking and financial services, iron and steel, information technology, telecommunications, cargo transportation, food processing, chemicals, metal products, engineering, tires, glass, aluminum, tourism
Currency: Euro (€ - EUR)

Member of EU: Yes



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Luxembourg weatherFair
Temp: 13C
Wind: SSW 5 MPH
(4 knots)


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Info provided by VisitLuxembourg.com and the CIA World Factbook
Updated 2/2017
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