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   Macedonia Country Guide


Macedonia Macedonia gained its independence peacefully from Yugoslavia in 1991. Greece's objection to the new state's use of what it considered a Hellenic name and symbols delayed international recognition, which occurred under the provisional designation of "the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia." In 1995, Greece lifted a 20-month trade embargo and the two countries agreed to normalize relations, but the issue of the name remained unresolved and negotiations for a solution are ongoing. Since 2004, the US and over 130 other nations have recognized Macedonia by its constitutional name, Republic of Macedonia. Ethnic Albanian grievances over perceived political and economic inequities escalated into an insurgency in 2001 that eventually led to the internationally brokered Ohrid Framework Agreement, which ended the fighting and established guidelines for constitutional amendments and the creation of new laws that enhanced the rights of minorities. Although Macedonia became an EU candidate in 2005, the country still faces challenges, including fully implementing the Framework Agreement, improving relations with Bulgaria, carrying out democratic reforms, and stimulating economic growth and development. Macedonia's membership in NATO was blocked by Greece at the Alliance's Summit of Bucharest in 2008.

Macedonia Country Guide Full Name: The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Area: 25,333 sq km (land: 24,856 sq km, water: 477 sq km)
Population: 2,100,025 (July 2016 est.)
Capital City: Skopje


People: Macedonian 64.2%, Albanian 25.2%, Turkish 3.9%, Roma 2.7%, Serb 1.8%, other 2.2% (2002 census)
Language: Macedonian 66.5%, Albanian 25.1%, Turkish 3.5%, Roma 1.9%, Serbian 1.2%, other 1.8% (2002 census)
Religion: Macedonian Orthodox 32.4%, other Christian 0.2%, Muslim 16.9%, other and unspecified 50.5% (2002 census)

Government Type: Parliamentary Republic
Chief of State President Gjorge IVANOV (since 12 May 2009)
Head of Government: Interim Prime Minister Emil DIMITRIEV (since 18 January 2016); Prime Minister Nikola GRUEVSKI (since 26 August 2006) resigned on 15 January 2016

GDP: $US 10.49 billion (2015 est.)
GDP per Capita: $US 14,500 (2016 est.)
Inflation: -0.1% (2016 est.)
Unemployment: 24.9% (2016 est.)
Industries: Food processing, beverages, textiles, chemicals, iron, steel, cement, energy, pharmaceuticals
Currency: Macedonian denar (MKD)

Member of EU: No




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Info provided by the CIA World Factbook
Updated 2/2017
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